OECD Recommendation on Responsible Innovation in NeurotechnologyScholarly Article
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development adopted and published its international standard concerning novel neurotechnology by examining several key principles to guide governments and entrepreneurs in addressing legal, ethical and social matters. Responsible innovation, inclusivity, privacy, agency and many other complex issues are outlined in the official recommendation document, available in English and French. Read more from the OECD.
Projections and the Potential Societal Impact of the Future of NeurotechnologiesScholarly Article
In this article, brain-computer interface technology and its social implications are examined from the perspectives of engineering, law, neuroethics, and industry. The current and future use of non-invasive or minimally-invasive BCI products necessitates a look into several issues of access and regulation, among others, as this emerging technology is predicted to become widely available in the next two decades. Read more at Frontiers of Neuroscience.
World Intellectual Property Organization Report on Assistive TechnologyCommunication, Scholarly Article
The 2021 World Intellectual Property Organization Technology Trends report outlines the current and future implications of assistive technologies crossing over into consumer markets, creating greater access and independence for persons with disabilities. Read WIPO Technology Trends 2021: Assistive Technology.
RESNA Assistive Technology StandardsScholarly Article
RESNA stands for the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America. RESNA is the premier organization for professionals who are dedicated to promoting the health and well-being of persons with disabilities. The RESNA Assistive Technology Standards Board (ATSB) coordinates the development of voluntary consensus standards in the United States and represents the needs and views of U.S. stakeholders in international standardization forums. The ATSB is the U.S. Technical Advisory Group to the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) for the development of international standards through the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) pertaining to assistive technology and other products for persons with disabilities. Read more about RESNA's Assistive Technology Standards here.
Visual Percepts Evoked with an Intracortical Microelectrode ArrayVision, Scholarly Article
Researchers in Spain created a visual prosthesis for end users who are blind to perceive shapes and letters. The team's end user collaborator, Berna Gomez, has experienced blindness for the last 16 years. The implanted visual prosthesis system utilizes the Utah electrode array, which is much smaller than a penny, to create electrical stimulation in Gomez's visual cortex. Read more in the Journal of Clinical Investigation.
Mobilizing the Private Sector for Responsible Innovation in NeurotechnologyScholarly Article
In this article published in the journal Nature Biotechnology, the authors outline several key policy principles and practices for data governance and privacy within the context of neurotechnology. The discussions in the article are the result of policy deliberations started at the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. Read this article in the journal Nature Biotechnology.
Wireless BCI for Practical Home Use by End Users with TetraplegiaPhysical, Scholarly Article
In this article published by researchers at Brown University, the usually cumbersome cables necessary for implanted brain-computer interfaces (BCI) were replaced by wireless transmitters and maintained high-resolution recording and decoding of neural activity from two end users with paralysis. Wireless implanted BCI systems can replace older assistive solutions that formerly would restrict control and usage of the BCI, requiring the end user to be tethered to amplifiers and larger computers. Communication rates from the end users using the wireless BCI vs the cabled BCI were equivalent to such a degree that the wireless BCI would better enable persons with disabilities to become more mobile and independent in their daily lives. Learn more at IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering.
Brain-to-Text Communication via Attempted HandwritingPhysical, Scholarly Article
Researchers at Stanford University and an end user experiencing paralysis worked to achieve brain-to-text communication rates of 90 characters per minute with an accuracy rate of 94.1%. The end user's neural activity while attempting to handwrite letters was decoded into text to allow the end user to interact with a computer. The work highlights the brain's ability to maintain movement commands despite physical paralysis. Read more in the journal Nature.
Robotic Arm Performance Drastically Improved With Tactile Feedback to End User With TetraplegiaPhysical, Scholarly Article
In this article, robotic neuroprostheses that utilize tactile feedback with the end user are more efficiently controlled by the end user, leading to more natural movements and drastically reduced attempts at grasping objects. The end user in this article experiences tetraplegia and was able to dramatically increase his task performance of grasping objects from an average of 20.9 seconds down to 10.2 seconds. Read more in the journal Science.
FDA Resource on Implanted Brain-Computer InterfacesPhysical, Scholarly Article
In this resource from the U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA), the Center for Devices and Radiological Health provides recommendations for non-clinical testing and clinical studies for implanted BCI systems that have the potential to benefit persons with disabilities. Read the Final Guidance Document via the FDA's website.